Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, South
Temperament: Peaceful, good community, but males will challenge for
territory and and mating.
Feeding: Feed with flakes. Keep some broad leaved and some floating
plants in the tank.
Mature males have a red throat.
Comments: Will live many years.
The Pearl Gourami is a peaceful fish that is also known as the Leeri or Lace Gourami.
It is one of the most attractive, hardiest, and easy-to-keep gouramis. The body
is stretched out and laterally compressed with ventral fins that are long and
thin, having the look of feelers. It is covered with iridescent pearl and brown
flecks that give it a mother of pearl appearance. There is a horizontal black
line that runs from the lips to the tail, where it ends with a spot. The Pearl
Gourami is a Labyrinth Fish. Fish in this group breathe directly from the air
and must have access to the surface of the tank.
The Pearl Gourami requires a 30 gallon or larger tank with water
approximately 12 inches deep, and a covering of floating ferns that may be used
as hiding places. The substrate should be dark and the light subdued. The ideal
tank mates for the Pearl Gourami would be similar in size and temperament. They
should not be housed with aggressive tank mates, like Cichlids. They will hide
in a corner, begin to loose color and may refuse to eat if kept with overly
It is easy to tell the male from the female because he has extended, pointed
dorsal and anal fins, and is more red. Prior to breeding, the pair should be fed
live or frozen brine shrimp and worms for conditioning. The water temperature
should also be raised to 80°F. When breeding, the water level in the tank should
be reduced to 4-5 inches. The male will build a bubblenest under which spawning
will take place. After spawning the female should be moved to a separate tank.
The male Pearl Gourami tends to the eggs, and once the fry are hatched, the male
should also be removed.
The fry should be fed liquid food or infusoria culture several times a day.
At approximately two weeks, freshly hatched (or frozen) brine shrimp may be
offered to the fry. When the fry reach approximately one month, fine flake foods
may be offered. Water should be changed every two to three days, and as the fry
grow larger, they should be distributed between several tanks to reduce lethal
build up of wastes.
The Pearl Gourami is an omnivore and prefers both-algae based foods as well
as meaty foods. An algae-based flake food, along with freeze-dried bloodworms,
tubifex, and brine shrimp will provide these fish with the proper nutrition.
Breeding Pearl Gourami
and Raising Fry (Opens a new
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Gourami Species (Opens a new browser
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